Armed conflicts often result in civilians being trapped in conflict zones with little or no possibility of fleeing. Some conflicts also result in large numbers of displaced populations that areunable to return to their homes for decades.
Displacement patterns are becoming more complex. People who are fleeing conflict often travel alongside migrants and often face the same insecurity and risk of violence, exploitation and abuse, including torture and human trafficking. This trend is reinforced by climate change-induced displacement. Increasingly, displaced people settle in urban settings outside traditional camps and can be difficult to reach. When a solution is to be found they may be reluctant to return to their rural place of origin.
Humanitarian actors need to continue adapting to current and future changes in displacement. Mixed migration, trafficking, and climate change-induced displacement constitute new challenges for the existing legal framework, and in respect of traditional protection activities. UNHCR remains a key partner in Denmark’s protection work, but other protection agencies including UNRWA and ICRC and Danish NGO’s with qualified protection staff are also important protection partners.
Together with partners, Denmark will seek to strengthen the existing protection framework and support innovative ways of reaching out to Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and refugees with an aim of finding durable solutions. Denmark will continue its active support to the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 protocol. However, existing conventions do not address the protection needs of IDPs. The number of internally displaced people is alarmingly high, and their protection needs continue to pose an enormous humanitarian challenge that is yet to be properly addressed by the international community. Together with likeminded donors, UN and NGO partners, Denmark will work for increased support to IDPs as well as engage in dialogue with the governments that have the primary responsibility to protect their own citizens.