Extreme levels of female poverty and disproportionate share of access to and control over resources worldwide, most notably in Africa, have increased women’s and girls vulnerability during disaster and conflict. Women’s reproductive health and rights are at stake in crisis situations and it is important to ensure access to obstetric care and crucial reproductive health supplies. Gender equality and the empowerment of women will be a key element in Denmark’s efforts to reducing the vulnerability of all to the effects of disaster and conflict.
Integration of gender in humanitarian action means recognizing the different needs, capacities and contributions of women, girls, boys and men and the relations between them. Ignoring these differences can have serious implications for the protection and survival of people being caught up in humanitarian crisis. Gender equality priorities must be incorporated into advocacy and strategic planning in the development, humanitarian, peace, and security spheres. Often the inclusion of both women and men is crucial for successfully addressing gender inequalities, whereas in other situations targeted interventions may have more effect. Women are often victims of gender based violence which escalate in some situations of crises or conflict.
In situations of conflict, implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 is crucial for protection of women and girls against violence – including sexual violence, and for the inclusion of women in peace processes and in rebuilding their lives after conflict. Partnerships need to be built with organisations and institutions which can maximize impact on gender and advance the gender agenda in the international humanitarian system. Support should also be provided for gender disaggregated data collection.