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Programme activities in the Eastern Neighbourhood

The countries listed below are included in the Neighbourhood Programme's contributions. For further information about the Danish contributions, please click on the specific country.



Agriculture Sector Programme (2014-2018, DKK 80 M)
There is a distinct imbalance in Albania between the lower-lying coastal regions and the disadvantaged mountain areas. In the latter, where subsistence agriculture is the dominating economic activity, around 15% of the population live in poverty. The joint German-Danish support (Denmark 80 mio DKK and Germany approximately 20 mio DKK) aims at increasing the viability of the rural economy in the most disadvantaged areas in Albania, i.e. by employment and income generation for farmers and agri-business. Building on promising results and lessons learnt from previous German and Danish support to Albania, a value chain approach for four selected commodities with high economic potential will be coupled with a regional focus on the poorest areas. The support will consist of capacity building of central and local actors (public and private) and a matching grant scheme implemented through the Albanian Ministry of Agriculture in close cooperation with Germany who will be a delegated partner for Denmark.


Support for democracy and human rights in Armenia (2013-2017, DKK 20 M)
On the basis of the Council of Europe’s Action Plan 2012-14 on Armenia and in line with the Strategy for the Danish Neighbourhood Programme 2013-17 the overall objective of this programme is to support the Armenian reform efforts by promoting an effective and responsible public sector in the areas of human rights and local democracy. The programme is implemented by the Council of Europe and has a budget on 20 mio. DKK, and a running period from September 2013 – 2016.

The Programme operates in two complementing areas: Firstly, the programme will strengthen the application of European human rights standards in the Armenian court system by developing the capacity of the Court of Cassation to apply the European Convention on Human Rights in a comprehensive and systematic way. Secondly, the programme will support a consolidation of local democracy by a parallel implementation of both technical-legal advice on the formulation of the reform as well as capacity building activities towards both local authorities and local elected representatives.

Private Sector development in the rural areas of Armenia (2013-2017, DKK 25 M)
The overall object of this programme is to reduce poverty by strengthening employment through economic growth in the rural areas of Armenia. The programme aims to secure access to credit and counselling to fruit producers who have a great commercial potential not being actualised at the moment due to the relatively long period between investment and outcome, among other things. This factor has reduced the granting of credit within this field of employment.
The programme has a budget of DKK 25 million for the duration of 48 months (expected start is in the summer 2013-2017).

The programme mainly consists of credit to financial institutions (mostly banks but also micro finance institutions) on favourable terms with an aim to re-loan to fruit producers. Furthermore there has been allocated a limited amount of money to the formulation of profitability- and financial models for classifications and methods of cultivation for specific fruits and nuts with the purpose of establishing a solid foundation for extending credit. The Danish support is part of IFAD’s (UN’s International Fund for Agricultural Development) and the government’s efforts within certification, standardisation, manufacturing and marketing to contribute to sale and export and thereby reducing poverty in the rural areas.


Strengthening Inclusive Local Governance in Belarus (2016-2019, DKK 20 M)

The support is aimed at strengthening capacities for efficient, transparent and accountable public service delivery (especially at the local level) in accordance with the rule of law and human rights principles. Support is provided through UNDP to achieve two outputs: (a) Enhanced capacity of national, regional and district level civil servants to practice inclusive, participatory planning and implementation, and (b) Local government bodies demonstrate improved service delivery through involvement of citizens, e.g. benefitting the green development as well as vulnerable citizens such as people with disabilities.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Support for Public Administrative Reforms in Bosnia and Herzegovina (2013-2017, DKK 30 M)
Denmark supports the process of public administration reform which is essential for improved service delivery to citizens and business as well as EU integration. The support is fully aligned with Bosnia and Herzegovina’s national public administration reform strategy. A Public Administration Reform Fund is established to support key areas of the strategy’s implementation with assistance from Denmark, EU, Sweden, Norway, United Kingdom, Netherlands and Germany. Funding is also provided for monitoring the effects of the reforms on citizens and businesses by selected “drivers of change” from the civil society.

Inclusive Financial Services in Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina (2014-2018, DKK 87 M)
Through the  European Fund for Southeast Europe (EFSE) Denmark supports micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) as well as the financial sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina in order to generate much needed jobs and income.

Support for the Sarajevo process regarding refugees in the Balkans (Regional Housing Programme)
DKK 10 M)
Through the Regional Housing Programme, jointly formulated by Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia, Denmark supports the sustainable settlement of approximately 73,500 refugees and Internally Displaced Persons who were displaced during the wars in former Yugoslavia.



Support to Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Energy in Georgia (2015-2019, DKK 30 M) 

The programme consists of two development engagements with the overall objective of strengthening energy efficiency and sustainable energy in Georgia. This includes implementing energy reforms outlined in the EU Georgia Association Agreement.

The first development engagement supports the development of Georgian legislation and regulation to enable electricity from renewable energy sources to feed into the national power grid, to develop energy efficiency building codes and labelling of energy efficiency levels on products as well as strengthening the capacity for monitoring and reporting on national energy consumption.

The second engagement supports the demonstration of energy efficient building design in practice through energy renovation of public buildings and associated awareness raising campaigns and training of energy auditors.


Agriculture Programme (2011-2017, DKK 40 M)
The programme supports economic growth and reduces poverty in rural areas of Kvemo-Kartli and Samtskhe-Javakheti by supporting the private sector, including two of the most important value chains in the region: potato farming and the dairy industry.


Support to inclusive Growth and employment for Young entrepreneurs in Georgia (2016-2019, 30 M).

The Danish support seeks to support economical growth and reduce poverty in rural Georgia through capacity-building and mentoring for young, rural entrepreneurs. The goal is to reverse the trend of increased rural poverty, growing regional inequality and emigration.



Inclusive Financial Services in Kosovo and Bosnia-Herzegovina (2014-2018, DKK 87 M)
Through the  European Fund for Southeast Europe (EFSE) Denmark supports micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) as well as the financial sector in Kosovo in order to generate much needed jobs and income.

Danish Support to Good Governance in Kosovo (2016-2018, DKK 30 M)
The Programme is aimed at strengthening good governance in Kosovo in particular through stronger anti-corruption performance and through the constructive interaction between state actors and civil society. Countering corruption is regularly placed at the top of the Kosovo policy agenda and forms a key requirement for EU accession as well as underpinning more favourable governance and economic growth. Civil society needs to hold the government accountable and link it more closely with citizens.The support is implemented by   UNDP for anti-corruption and the Kosovar civil Society Foundation for civil society support.


Inclusive economic development for young entrepreneurs, (2014-2017, DKK 30 M).
The programme supports young entrepreneurs in rural areas. The young entrepreneurs can through the programme obtain loans from commercial banks to start their own business. Since they have no collatteral, the loans are only made possible because IFAD provides a matching grant together with the loan. This grant is funded by Danish development assistance. Moreover, entrepreneurs are provided with training and mentoring to support them in starting and running their businesses.

Aid to promote human rights and democracy (2015-2018, DKK 30 M).
The program for promotion of human rights and democracy has two components: 1) Support for reform of criminal law through reform of the prosecution and support to the ombudsman through the Council of Europe, as well as 2) general support for capacity building in a number of institutions and public authorities in the field of human rights through UNDP. A key element of the program is capacity building of the National Institute of Justice, which is the institution training judges and prosecutors in Moldova.


Ukraine Investment Facility (2016-2019, DKK 30 M)
The overall objective of establishing the Ukraine Investment Facility (UFA) is to enhanced growth and employment, through involvement of especially small and medium-sized Danish enterprises in Ukraine. The aim of UFA is to encourage Danish companies to engage in Ukraine, which they would otherwise not prioritise and thereby promote economic growth and employment in Ukraine. It is also expected that UFA will enhance employment in Denmark through more commercial cooperation between Ukraine and Denmark. The Project will be implemented by IFU.

Good Governance and Human Rights in Ukraine (2015-2018, DKK 60 M)
The overall objective of the support is to strengthen transparency and accountability of public institutions, thereby supporting increased responsiveness in terms of responsibilities for upholding human rights and justice and furthering the democratic development of Ukraine. 

This will be achieved through three development engagements in the areas of (1) justice reform, (2) anti-corruption, and (3) human rights. The Programme’s implementation is to use two locally based international actors (Council of Europe and UNDP) as anchors for support to the reform activities of key national stakeholders, including the General Prosecutors Office, the Centre for Legal Aid Provision, the new National Agency for Corruption Prevention, the Ombudsman Office as well as strategically placed NGOs and other bodies.

Support to public and private Investment in energy efficiency and reneawable energy (2014-2017, DKK 40 M)
The program seeks to promote energy efficiency in Ukraine, hereunder through support to the Ukrainian-Danish Energy Center (UDEC). The goal is to reduce Ukraine's energy consumption and energy-dependence on Russia. With the programme, Denmark aims to support the creation of a sustainable change to Ukraine's energy supply, and to reduce its dependence on the import of energy, hereunder through promoting an increased usage of renewable energy.

Support to decentralisation in Ukraine (2016-2019, DKK 47 M)

Support for the implementation of anti-corruption policy in Ukraine (2016-2019, DKK 10 M).