The overall aim of the Danish-Bolivian partnership for 2013–2018 is to contribute to reducing poverty and inequality through sustainable development that respects human rights. The strategic objectives are:
These objectives apply specifically to development in Bolivia, but they also express the goals for global development which Denmark wishes to promote in the relations with Bolivia. Development cooperation is crucial but it will be accompanied by other policy instruments.
The development of the new country programme and its activities will emphasise a rights-based approach in line with the Danish development cooperation strategy, the Bolivian Constitution and Bolivian policies.The three objectives are interlinked and will directly strengthen the economic, civil, political and environmental rights of those people living in poverty, especially indigenous peoples and women.
There are clear links between the three strategic areas. Inclusive and sustainable economic growth will help create more and better jobs and thereby directly contribute to poverty reduction. Furthermore, it will help increase public sector revenues and the Government’s policy of a continued increased level of public investment and services such as education, healthcare, water, infrastructure etc. to the benefit of those people living in poverty or in areas, where such services are not provided now, especially indigenous peoples.
Sustainable growth also implies expanding the use of green technologies in agriculture, forestry, manufacturing etc. Finally, it implies a diversification of the economy with more investments and the creation of more and better jobs in agriculture and manufacturing, including small-scale businesses. It will help provide employment for a growing labour force and for those who leave low productivity jobs in agriculture and small-scale mining. It requires an improved business climate which will be a core element in the dialogue with Bolivia. Increasing agricultural productivity could help lower the pressure for transforming land into agricultural fields thereby reducing deforestation.
The Danida Business Partnership Programme is expected to contribute to the introduction of green technologies, job creation and improved commercial relations between Bolivia and Denmark. Through the EU negotiations have been initiated on a partnership agreement with Bolivia to promote trade and investments, job creation and sustainable development. Moreover, export promotion support to interested Danish companies is expected to increase in the coming years.
The rule of law is crucial in order to promote respect for political and civil rights, to further consolidate democracy, and to fight the trafficking of drugs and human beings. The rule of law is also important for securing more private sector investments (through securing property rights and contract enforcement) and hence economic development. It is instrumental for ensuring the sustainable use of natural resources and respect for the rights of indigenous peoples.
The dialogue with Bolivia – both bilaterally and together with the EU – on issues related to the promotion of rule of law and human rights will focus on achieving specific improvements in Bolivia, either on its own or through development cooperation. Other important Danish instruments will be contributions to UN efforts for the promotion of human rights in Bolivia – including active participation in the Universal Periodic Reviews by the UN Human Rights Commission and through other UN organisations such as the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, which are represented in Bolivia. Dialogue on important international human rights issues such as women’s reproductive and sexual rights, the rights of minorities and the rights of indigenous peoples will also be a focal point.
As Bolivia is one of the world’s most bio diverse countries and at the same time one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change, the promotion of the sustainable management of natural resources will be important not only for the future of the Bolivians, but also for the global future. Introducing better legislation, participatory management and new technologies regarding the extraction of natural resources can help decrease poverty now and at the same time preserve natural resources and ecosystems for future generations.
Development cooperation, including climate financing and Danida Business Instruments will be the key Danish instruments for positive environmental development. An active policy dialogue with Bolivia, especially on sustainable development and climate change nationally and internationally, will also be a focal point.
Support through Danish civil society organisations and research cooperation is still very relevant and will continue to be a part of the Danish policy instruments in the pursuit of sustainable development in Bolivia and globally. The specific implementation will depend on the demand from the civil society organisations and the research.
Denmark will actively contribute to promoting EU objectives on stability, democracy and development, and regional cooperation in South America in order to help prevent a growing gap between the ALBA countries and other countries, reduce the production of and trade with drugs, establish common ground with Bolivia on climate change issues, and promote European trade and investments.
The EU Member States that are active within development cooperation in Bolivia are formulating a European coordinated response to ensure a division of labour in the development cooperation with the Bolivian Government and with a view to establishing joint programming from 2017. The possibility of trilateral cooperation will also be looked into.
It is likely that within 10 years Bolivia may reach the GDP ceiling for Danish bilateral development aid (USD 2690 per person in 2012). Thus, it is expected that traditional development cooperation will be phased out within 10 years and this will be prepared for in close dialogue with the Bolivian partners. Therefore, the cooperation also emphasizes business-related partnerships, technology transfers and expanded commercial relations.
A central challenge is the low capacity in the public sector for medium-term planning and the organisation of services which are able to meet the legitimate demands and needs of the citizens.
As civil society in Bolivia is relatively strong, the support to civil society advocacy through bilateral cooperation will be limited but focused. The rights of civil society to democratic participation, to monitor service delivery and to get access to information will be prioritised in the political dialogue, including with the EU delegation and the EU Member States.
To ensure sufficient critical mass and knowledge in the dialogue with the Government, it is envisaged that annual disbursements will be in the order of DKK 130–140 million, including the Danida Business Partnership Programme and climate financing but excluding possible support for research development, Danida Business Finance, and funding through Danish civil society organisations.
The design of the country programme will apply the principles of human rights-based development and will have particular focus on the four key principles: non-discrimination with a strong focus on the rights of women and indigenous peoples; transparency and accountability in the administration both with strong focus on combating corruption; public participation with support to civil society and a particularly strong focus in the policy dialogue on maintaining and developing good framework conditions for the participation and inclusion of the citizens and their civil society organisations in policy development and the legislative processes, and regarding supervision of the public institutions and the way they execute their mandate. Furthermore, the following principles will guide the design of the country programme:
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of DenmarkDanidaAsiatisk Plads 2 DK-1448 Copenhagen K Tel. +45 33 92 00 00Fax +45 32 54 05 firstname.lastname@example.org