Promote sustainable natural resource management and Bolivia's effort to mitigate and adapt to climate change
Justification, challenges and opportunities
Deforestation and forest degradation are serious environmental problems in Bolivia. They affect the livelihoods of poor people, the unique biodiversity of the country and contribute negatively to Bolivia’s ability to mitigate and adapt to climate change. Among the causes of deforestation and forest degradation are legal and political uncertainty, the lack of integrated strategies for territorial management, weak state institutions, low control and monitoring capacity, lack of financial incentives and low opportunity costs and low value added to forest products produced and exported with very little processing.
Some of the opportunities for development relate to the different experiences with forest management and the ongoing process of policy formulation regarding a sustainable and integrated forest management model and other environmental sector plans. Forest management is highly relevant in terms of climate change mitigation and adaptation and to improve the livelihoods of people living in poverty, almost exclusively indigenous peoples.
Bolivia has a potential for increasing the production of renewable energy (and cleaner technology), including wind, solar, hydro and bio energy. The Government is developing a strategy for renewable energy with Danish support. A major constraint for this is the subsidies to petrol, diesel and liquid gas. It can take years before the government will be able to significantly reduce the level of subsidies. If the framework conditions improve, renewable energy would be a good opportunity for Danish support.
In Bolivia a lot of energy is wasted in the transmission of power, in buildings and in industry. There is a potential to improve energy efficiency significantly. There is also a potential to promote cleaner technology in other areas, such as a more efficient use of water resources in agriculture and industry. Danish development cooperation has good experiences to build on in this regard and there is a potential for the involvement of Danish know-how.
The following key results are expected:
Content/areas of intervention
Cooperation with the Ministry of Environment and related relevant public organisations at the central level is expected in order to improve environmental norms and regulations, strategic environment assessments, monitoring and the evaluation of the environment, including forest resources, which is a continuation of previous efforts.
Continued cooperation is also expected regarding the sustainable management of the national parks. In addition, support will be provided to bio-diverse areas focusing on the Amazon Basin. This is expected to be carried out through support for the implementation of the new law for Mother Earth which includes the establishment of a mechanism to promote sustainable forest management with the close involvement of indigenous peoples’ organisations and territories, central and local authorities, civil society and the private sector.
It is estimated to involve the capacity building of local actors in territorial planning and the sustainable production of forest products to the benefit of the indigenous peoples in the areas, and the preservation of natural resources and ecosystems and the mitigation of climate change, to the benefit of coming generations. These efforts will help strengthen self-government at local level. A key activity will be the development of instruments that can increase productivity in a sustainable way and contribute to reducing the expansion of agricultural lands, which occurs through deforestation.
Support will be provided to promote energy efficiency in cooperation with the relevant ministries and the private sector. It will be assessed on an ongoing basis whether there is the potential for support for the development of renewable energy. If potential is there, efforts will also be undertaken in this field.
Continued support is also expected to help civil society promote environmental rights and the rights of Mother Earth in accordance with Bolivian legislation and the rights of indigenous peoples.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of DenmarkDanidaAsiatisk Plads 2 DK-1448 Copenhagen K Tel. +45 33 92 00 00Fax +45 32 54 05 firstname.lastname@example.org