Somalia is one of the world’s most fragile countries. Following 20 years of conflict, a new government was formed in 2012 and the country is now slowly working its way out of fragility and is currently going through a sweeping development, in which some regions show gradual progress towards a more stable and democratic state-building. The international community has recognised the new government and has, by the signing of the New Deal Compact for Somalia in 2013, entered into a new partnership with the government on development, security, and humanitarian assistance. The agreement strengthens the partnership between the government, the people of Somalia, and the international community. However, the road towards further stability and development is still long, and set-backs within central areas such as security, good governance, corruption, and human rights are to be expected.
The stabilisation and economical and social development of Somalia is crucial for attaining a more stable Horn of Africa, which is also impacting Europe and Denmark. Radicalisation, the spread of terrorism, and unregulated migration flows to countries in the region constitute an almost daily reminder of the lack of stability, the dire humanitarian situation and the fragile security situation in Somalia. It is pivotal that the Somalian authorities, with support from the international community, will be able to address these challenges in a satisfying, well-balanced, and effective way. In line with this, the overall vision of the Danish engagement in Somalia for the coming years is the continued support to the people of Somalia in creating a stable and peaceful country that can safeguard its own security – both in regional and national context – with the overall goal of promoting the country’s economic and social development.
For the coming three years, the Danish support to Somalia will be based on three strategic principles: 1) a comprehensive approach including active diplomacy, political dialogue, development cooperation, peace- and stabilisation measures, and humanitarian assistance; 2) a flexible approach, whereby support is continuously adapted to the dynamic local conditions; and 3) a balanced approach, providing support to the federal and regional level. The point of departure for Denmark’s engagement will be The Somali Compact, and will thereby accordingly prioritise three specific areas of focus: 1) state-building centred on inclusive politics; 2) security and rule of law; and 3) reduction of poverty through the development of value chains. Denmark will also have a specific focus on youth, especially through education.