Denmark spends DKK 15 billion on development assistance every year. The money should be used where it produces most development. This is why Denmark is constantly working to become better at aiming towards goals and results.
The concrete objective are very varied. In general a distinction can be made between three different types of goals:
Output goals are short-term impact goals that usually only become apparent after a lengthy period and as a result of many different concrete efforts.
Output goals are connected with a specific activity. Impact goals are usually assessed for a whole country.
These are just some of the most important differences between the three types of goals.
The goals of Danish development assistance continue to be focused on products and services – output goals. In recent years, however, there has been much more focus on whether the population and the society benefit from the programmes – that is more focus on outcome goals and impact goals.
The strength of this is that what is now in focus is the objective of development cooperation in the final analysis.
Goals and results are worth nothing if they are not acted on. Therefore they form part of a general five-step process. This ensures that the goals are followed up.
Knowledge about which programmes achieve their goals and the extent to which the results match the resources used forms part of the deliberations concerning the future distribution of development funds.
In practice it is not Denmark but the partner countries and the cooperative organisations that are responsible for the programmes and for realising them. It is the partners who create the results – with Danish support.
For this reason it is also the partners who are responsible for monitoring and reporting the results. As a rule, assessment of progress takes place in board-like committees with the participation of Denmark. It is Denmark’s responsibility, together with the other investors and partners in the recipient country to follow up on the reports.
Setting objectives and measuring results is a challenge. Three of the most important objections to development assistance managed according to pre-determined objectives are:
The objections are connected and make working in accordance with pre-determined objectives a challenge. This applies not only to development assistance, but also when working with measurement of hospitals and the primary and lower secondary school in Denmark.
For the challenge to be met, solid, research-based knowledge is necessary — knowledge based on the connection between output goals, outcome goals and impact goals. This is in focus for Denmark and many others, and the discussion takes place under the heading, ”Is aid effective?”
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of DenmarkDanidaAsiatisk Plads 2 DK-1448 Copenhagen K Tel. +45 33 92 00 00Fax +45 32 54 05 email@example.com
Denmark uses a tool called Managing for Development Results (MfDR). The system helps ensure that all resources are directed towards achieving the set goals. The goals must be clear, concrete, measurable, limited in number and with a clear time frame. Monitoring, documenting and reporting goals are emphasised.