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CANCELLED Restricted Procedure: Evaluation of the Agribusiness Innovation Centre under Private Agricultural Sector Support (PASS) in Tanzania

Deadline for applications: 2 March 2020, 12:00, Danish time 


private sector-led growth is essential for achieving the Sustainable
Development Goals. According to the Danish Strategy for Development cooperation
and Humanitarian Action – “The World 2030” - Denmark will through its
development cooperation catalyse partnerships between various public and
private partners with a view to coupling the best knowledge, the most
innovative ideas and financing and contributing to developing markets and
promoting market-driven sustainable growth and employment.
For many years, access to finance for the agricultural sector in Tanzania has been challenging.

Financial service providers (FSP) have viewed it as too risky to finance
agriculture due to, among other reasons, weak collateral, poor production
skills, low technical skills and a general lack of bankable investment
opportunities, which would provide FSPs with a commercial incentive to finance.
The Private Agricultural Sector Support (PASS) was established in 2000 as a
pilot project under the Agriculture Sector Programme (ASPS I) with a grant of
DKK 20 million. Subsequently, a grant of DKK 40.9 million was allocated to PASS
under the second phase of the programme (ASPS II) 2003-2008. From 2008, PASS
was funded as a component of the Business Sector Programme Support, Phase III
(2008 – 2011) with DKK 125 million. Under the current programme, BSPS IV
(2013-2019), a grant of DKK 125 million has been allocated to PASS. Information
about BSPS IV is available at the Danish Embassy website.

In addition to the current funding by Denmark, Sweden
has provided paper guarantee ceiling to USD 20 million. PASS registered in 2007
as a non-profit making and non-governmental organisation under the Trustees
Incorporation Act and is taxed as a charitable organisation. It operates on
commercial terms charging subsidised commercial rates for its services. The Vision of
PASS Trust is to be an innovative agro-finance development institution that improves the
quality of life for small-scale agribusiness entrepreneurs. Its mission is to facilitate access
to financial and business development services for agribusiness entrepreneurs in Tanzania.
The objective of PASS was formulated as: Promote and facilitate investments in the primary
agricultural sector and agro-businesses in Tanzania. Agribusiness
Innovation Centre (AIC) in Tanzania is a business oriented agribusiness service
centre under PASS Trust mandated to provide business development services to
agro-enterprises that are growth oriented. It specifically focuses on growing
the value adding and incubation of enterprises giving special attention to
women and youth entrepreneurs in Tanzania. In its
five-year strategy starting from 2018 to 2022, PASS Trust has clearly
stipulated to give a special attention to youth, women and green growth in its
mission. Accordingly, among the key objectives for this period include growth
of credit guarantees to the targeted group (youth and women); expansion of the
Agribusiness Innovation Centre (AIC) to establish agriculture incubation
centres; and increase of share of green investments in PASS’s portfolio. In
early 2018, DANIDA conducted a mid-term review of its overall Country Programme
in Tanzania. The review appreciated that there is a need in Tanzania for AIC
services. However, the findings indicated that the establishment of the AIC is
a high-risk intervention in the sense that it may: Deviate resources from the
core business of PASS, and Take many years before it will be commercially
sustainable. The Review Team also assesses that establishment of an AIC managed
(revolving) Seed Fund that is supposed to un-block and leverage other funding
for AIC incubates either through guarantees or co-funding mechanisms will add
considerably to the risks.

The subject matter of the contract, including national
administrative and legal frameworks:
the objective of this evaluation will cover progress made towards the intended
outputs of the AIC, design (management structures) and delivery (operational elements).

Key objectives include to:

  • Assess and score progress from 2014 to 31st December
    2019 against the outcomes in the log frame, including a consideration of
    Assumptions and Risks, and determine whether and what changes are required;
  • Assess the extent to which AIC has taken on board innovation principles in
    implementation of its projects and suggest ways to integrate more innovation
    into the programme;
  • Review the performance of processes such as procurement,
    disbursements, payroll, finance and asset management and if they demonstrate
    value for money;
  • Assess the efficiency of the general management’s arrangements
    and finally assess the efficiency of monitoring system. How does AIC generate,
    report and disseminate results?

Scope of work:
The study will be undertaken in Tanzania but will not
be limited to review of available information and existing research with regard
to agribusiness innovations.  The evaluation will use the overall
OECD/DAC evaluation criteria of relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, impact
and sustainability as an overall reference for the evaluation. It is envisaged
that main emphasis will be put on the aspects of impact and sustainability, but
the other criteria will also be considered. As stated sections above the
evaluation will also address organisational and operational aspects of AIC,
including the operational efficiency, the institutional viability and
governance. Furthermore, the evaluation will assess AIC strategy and its role
in relation to other relevant programmes and institutions in Tanzania.The
evaluation questions and the evaluation matrix will be prepared in the
inception phase of the evaluation.

The following evaluation questions and issues are envisaged to be included:
Is AIC achieving the intended impacts as per the original idea and results framework?
Consider to what extent AIC is delivering value for money across the results
chain (economy, efficiency, effectiveness and equity) based on delivery of key outputs?
Review different interventions and how they are delivering on value for money; What factors
contributed to or detracted from the achievement of results? Are there
unintended results, either positive or negative, contractual conflicts of
interests? What is the likelihood of continuation and sustainability of project
outcomes and benefits after completion? Are AIC initiatives sustainable without
donor support? Why? How could AIC be improved and enhanced, building on the
lessons learnt during the review period?

Language requirements:
consultants should be fluent in English and Swahili

The estimated value of the contract:
Maximum 350,000.00 DKK

The geographical place of performance and delivery of
the task:

The assignment will be conducted in
Tanzania. The consultants will visit areas where AIC incubators are located and
any other that practice agribusiness incubation. The evaluation will be undertaken
in accordance with Danida evaluation (
The available documentation will constitute the point of departure for
developing a methodology for the evaluation. Together with evaluation stakeholders
(PASS – AIC and the Embassy), the evaluation will establish how AIC is blended
in the existing PASS theory of change and in this process consider whether the
theory of change has changed over the evaluation period. The evaluation will
apply both qualitative and quantitative approaches to test the theory of change
and answer the evaluation questions. The qualitative analysis will address the
issues of relevance, impact and sustainability, including the pathways and
causality linking AIC support to the observed impacts. It is expected that
qualitative methods will include combinations of focus groups discussions and
in-depth key informant interviews with core AIC beneficiaries (including
financial service providers and agribusinesses). Quantitative approaches will
be used in order to assess programme outcomes. The available data registered by
PASS - AIC regarding beneficiaries will be used to the extent possible. Establishing a valid
counterfactual is an important feature of the methodology. It will be considered to use
a method where current values of specific indicators are compared between new and
old beneficiaries. Alternatively, identifying a comparison group by propensity score matching
may be an option. It is envisaged that two field visits will be undertaken:
One visit in the inception phase of the evaluation in order to assess the
monitoring data available and plan for further data collection and a longer
visit involving data collection in the field. It is furthermore envisaged that
a survey will be undertaken involving beneficiaries and control groups (if

All reporting must be in English.

The team is expected to deliver:
An inception report in draft and final version (max. 15 pages excluding annexes), including:
Description of AIC history and evolution taking into consideration its
strategies, Description of the evaluation methodology, Evaluation matrix,
including evaluation questions, judgement criteria and data sources, Detailed
work plan and Outline of the evaluation report. In addition A survey report
analysing the survey data,A short paper on preliminary findings of the evaluation
following the fieldwork, and an evaluation report (max. 35 pages). The
evaluation report must include an executive summary of maximum four pages.The evaluation team must have substantial
international experience in evaluation of development assistance (i.e.
evaluations that conform to the OECD/DAC evaluation definition for
international development organisations), including evaluations of private
sector development and financial services. Furthermore, the team should have
recent experience from related work in Tanzania. It is envisaged, but not a requirement that the team
is composed of two-core team members. It is a requirement that the team
possesses or has access to expertise related to quantitative evaluation methods
and data analysis.

Furthermore, it is a requirement that the
Consultant appoints a person responsible for Quality Assurance who will
undertake internal quality assurance of the deliverables before submission to RDE. The person may be a staff member or may be external to the
Consultant, and is expected to have a solid experience in planning and
managing/undertaking evaluations in topics relevant to this assignment.
Expenses for quality assurance should be covered by the Consultant and cannot
be included in the financial proposal. The Tender shall comprise a description
of the quality assurance procedure. Records documenting the quality assurance
process shall be kept by the Consultant, and RDE may subsequently request the
Consultant to submit documentation of the quality assurance undertaken.

Qualifications of the Team Leader:

General experience:

  • An academic degree in a
    relevant discipline (minimum a M.Sc. or equivalent)
  • A profile with major emphasis on development issues, with 15 years or more of
    relevant international professional experience from development cooperation in
    several countries in Africa.
  • Extensive experience (5 years or 5 or more short-term references) from evaluation
    of development assistance for clients comparable to the Danish MFA.

Adequacy for the assignment:

  • Experience as team leader
    of evaluations.
  • Knowledge of and experience
    with approaches to development evaluation, including qualitative and
    quantitative methods.
  • Knowledge of and experience
    with analysis or evaluation of private sector development, agribusiness
    development, entrepreneurship and financial services in East Africa.

Experience in the region and language:

  • Working experience from
    Sub-Saharan Africa, preferably from Tanzania.
  • Fluent in English and
    proven ability to write evaluation reports.

Preferred qualifications of the Private Sector
Development (Agribusiness) Expert:

General experience:

  • An academic degree in a
    relevant discipline (minimum a M.Sc. or equivalent)
  • A profile with major
    emphasis on development issues, with 10 years or more of relevant international
    professional experience from cooperation in several countries
  • Extensive experience (5 years or more short-term references) from private sector
    development, agribusiness and financial services in East Africa.

Adequacy for the assignment:

  • In-depth knowledge of agriculture
    sector development in Africa, preferably in Tanzania from permanent positions
    of repeated short-term work.
  • Good understanding of the
    agri-business sector in East Africa, preferable from work in Tanzania.
  • Knowledge of and experience
    with evaluation work.

Experience in the region and language:

  • Extensive experience from
    Eastern Africa, preferably from Tanzania.
  • Fluent in English.

The following CVs must be included in the proposal:

1.     Evaluation Team Leader
2.     Private Sector Development and Agribusiness Expert
3.     Quality Assurance Manager

The following CVs should be included if these
positions are part of the proposal:

4.     Quantitative Data Analyst
5.     Other team members / assistants

Only CV 1 and CV 2 (Evaluation Team Leader and PSD Agribusiness
Expert) will be assessed individually. CVs 3, 4 and 5 will be assessed as part
of the overall methodology.


evaluation principles of independence of the Evaluation Team will be applied.
Candidates may be excluded from participation, if their participation may
question the independence and impartiality of the evaluation. Tenderers are
obliged to carefully consider issues of eligibility for individual consultants
and inform the Client of any potential issues relating to a possible conflict
of interest (cf. Danida Evaluation Guidelines).
In assessing independence and impartiality of the Tenderer, both the experience of the
tendering consulting company (in the pre-qualification stage) and of the
individual consultants are important. Assessments will be made on a
case-by-case basis. If consultants (companies or individuals) have worked
extensively for AIC, they would normally be excluded. Individual consultants’
participation as a team member in reviews, studies, etc. for AIC do normally
not constitute grounds for exclusion in itself.

Financial Proposal

The maximum budget for the contract for this evaluation is DKK 350,000 this includes all
fees and reimbursable expenses required for implementation of the contract, including
expenses related to two field visits in Tanzania.

It is a requirement that the Consultant include a fixed sum of a minimum
of DKK 100,000 in the financial proposal (within the overall budget frame)
earmarked for undertaking a quantitative field survey, possibly by
sub-contracting a Tanzanian institution responsible for undertaking the
quantitative field survey.

It is the responsibility of the Tenderer to ensure that the outputs specified above and
all other tasks specified in these terms of reference are performed within the
frame of the Tenderer’s financial proposal and the specified ceiling amount.

The cost of Quality assurance should be covered by the Tenderer and the time used by the
Quality Assurance Manager should not be part of the financial proposal and
cannot be invoiced.

The duration of the contract:
40 man day i.e. Mid March 2020 to Mid May 2020

Deadline for applications: 2 March 2020

The standard application form should be used. Applications not using the standard form may be rejected.
Applications received after the deadline shall be rejected.

Download application form here

Contact point:
Name of Programme Officer: Jema Jacob Ngwale
E-mail address, Programme Officer:
Telephone of Programme Officer: +255222165242

Criteria for selection:

A minimum of three and a maximum of five applicants with references best suited for this
assignment will be invited to submit a tender

A minimum of 3 and a maximum of 5 applicants with references best suited for this assignment
will be invited to submit a tender.