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How does Brexit affect you?

 

The United Kingdom’s (UK) decision to leave the EU means that, as of 31 January 2020, the UK is no longer an EU Member State.

From the outset of the negotiations regarding the UK’s withdrawal, the EU – and Denmark – have prioritized the issue of citizens’ rights. The aim has been to ensure clear and transparent terms for Danish citizens living in the UK and for British citizens living in Denmark.

Following the withdrawal, EU legislation on the free movement of persons will no longer apply in the UK. Accordingly, Danish citizens living in the UK will no longer be able to reside there on the basis of EU rules on free movement. This also applies to British citizens living in Denmark who – after Brexit – will no longer be EU citizens. The British government and the EU, however, have agreed on a Withdrawal Agreement, which secures terms for EU citizens residing in the UK and for British citizens residing in the EU. Both the British Parliament and the European Parliament have approved the Withdrawal Agreement in January 2020. The agreement entails a transitional period from the exit date to 31 December 2020 with a possible extension of one or two years. The transitional period means that all British citizens who reside legally in an EU Member State before the end of the period will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement.

For general questions and answers regarding rights of EU and UK citizens as outlined in the Withdrawal Agreement, you can visit the European Commission's Q&A here.

 

British citizens in Denmark

Denmark greatly appreciates the British citizens who have chosen to live in Denmark and contribute to Danish society. 

Citizens’ rights constitute a central part of the Withdrawal Agreement. It regulates your rights as a British citizen residing in Denmark as of 31 December 2020.

You can read more about how the Withdrawal Agreement might affect you on the website of the Ministry of Immigration and Integration. You can also read more on the European Commission’s website.

Right to residence
Following the approval of the Withdrawal Agreement, British citizens and their families will continue to have a right of residence in Denmark, provided they have been legally residing in Denmark prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. Furthermore, the Withdrawal Agreement will establish a transitional period from the exit date to 31 December 2020 with a possible extension of one or two years. The transitional period means that all British citizens who reside legally in an EU Member State before the end of the period will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement. Accordingly, British citizens and their family members will be able to exercise the right of free movement and take up residence in another EU Member State during the transitional period.

Right to cash benefits
Following the approval of the Withdrawal Agreement, your rights as a British citizen to social benefits remain unchanged as if you were still an EU citizen. This also applies to future events. If, for instance, you become unemployed after the end of the transition period, your right to unemployment benefits will be the same as that of EU citizens.

Right to social service benefits and daycare 
In order to be entitled to social services a person must legally reside in Denmark. Services can include assistance to vulnerable children and adults, compensation to persons with disabilities and practical support for elderly persons. All persons who are legally residing in Denmark are entitled to services under the Day-Care Facilities Act. The Withdrawal Agreement does not affect these rights.

You can read more about social service benefits and day care on the website of the Ministry for Children and Education, the Ministry for Social Affairs and Interior as well as the Ministry of Health

Right to healthcare benefits
Following the approval of the Withdrawal Agreement, your rights to Danish healthcare benefits remain unchanged as if you were still an EU citizen.

Student rights
Following the approval of the Withdrawal Agreement, your rights as a student in Denmark remain unchanged as if you were still an EU citizen during the transitional period set out in the agreement. This also applies if you begin a higher education after the transitional period as long as you are residing in Denmark before 31 December 2020.

Access to regulated professions
Following the approval of the Withdrawal Agreement, your rights regarding access to regulated professions will remain unchanged as if you were still an EU citizen during the transitional period set out in the agreement.

Access to primary and secondary education including vocational educational training
Following the approval of the Withdrawal Agreement, your rights regarding access to education and training will remain unchanged as if you were still an EU citizen during the transitional period set out in the agreement.

All persons who are legally residing in Denmark are in terms of vocational education and training entitled to state subsidies including wage subsidies as well as financial support for vocational students.

In terms of primary and secondary schools, all persons who are legally residing in Denmark are entitled to state subsidies (free elementary schools, secondary schools and free vocational schools) as well as the right to mother-tongue teaching (primary and lower secondary schools).

You can read more on the website of the Ministry of Children and Education (only in Danish).

 

Rights to cash benefits in Denmark for Danish and other EU citizens already residing in the United Kingdom who return to Denmark 

Following the approval of the Withdrawal Agreement, your rights to cash benefits will remain unchanged. This also applies to future events.

 

Rights to Danish benefits for British, Danish and other EU citizens residing in the United Kingdom by the end of the transitional period and for British citizens residing in the EU by the end of the period (export of benefits from Denmark)

Following the approval of the Withdrawal Agreement, your rights to cash benefits will remain unchanged. This also applies to future events.

 

Voting rights and eligibility for municipal and regional elections and European Parliament elections in Denmark

Brexit will affect the right of British citizens to vote and stand for municipal and regional elections and European Parliament elections in Denmark.

The Danish Parliament has adopted legislation that establishes a temporary transitional scheme regarding electoral rights for British citizens living in Denmark. The transitional scheme enters into force at the time of the withdrawal.

The transitional scheme continues the current rules on EU citizens' right to vote and stand for election in municipal and regional elections and European Parliament elections in Denmark for those British citizens who on 31 January 2020 and since then have been permanently residing in Denmark.

Here you can read more about how Brexit affects your right to vote and stand for municipal and regional elections and European Parliament elections in Denmark as a resident British citizen.

 
The information provided on this website (including any and all subpages) is not necessarily comprehensive, complete or updated and does not constitute and cannot replace legal advice. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark does not assume responsibility or liability for damages or losses which, directly or indirectly, are related to the use of the contained information.

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Contact

Questions regarding the right to residence following EU rules
The Agency for International Recruitment and Integration
www.nyidanmark.dk/en-GB/Contact-us/Contact-SIRI
+45 72 14 20 04

Questions regarding residence following the withdrawal agreement and citizenship
The Ministry of Immigration and Integration
www.uim.dk/brexit
brexit@uim.dk
+45 61 98 40 00

Questions regarding cash benefits
Danish Agency for Labour Market and Recruitment
www.star.dk
star@star.dk
+45 72 21 74 00

Questions regarding the right to social services (marginalised children, adults and persons with disabilities)
The Ministry for Social Affairs and the Interior
www.sim.dk
sm@sm.dk
+45 72 28 24 00 

Questions regarding the right to healthcare benefits
The Ministry of Health
www.sum.dk
sum@sum.dk
+45 72 26 90 00

Questions regarding new applications for acquisition of real property in Denmark
Department of Civil Affairs
www.civilstyrelsen.dk
civilstyrelsen@civilstyrelsen.dk
+45 33 92 33 34

Questions regarding access to primary education, secondary education, mother-tongue education and day care
The Ministry of Children and Education
www.uvm.dk/brexit
uvm@uvm.dk
+45 33 92 50 00

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CONTACT

The Danish Foreign Ministry
brexitinfo@um.dk

 

If you have questions about residence rights, you may contact the Ministry of Immigration and Integration at brexit@uim.dk