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Evaluation of Danish Support for Climate Change Adaptation in Developing Countries

The evaluation covers the period from 2008 to 2018 and was framed under four areas of inquiry: the role of the Climate Envelope within the adaptation portfolio; mainstreaming climate considerations into bilateral Danish aid; transformative responses to climate change; and Denmark’s role in the international climate adaptation support landscape. The evaluation included case studies in Kenya, Ethiopia, Burkina Faso and Bangladesh and was undertaken by PEM Consult in collaboration with ODI.

Mary Stella Muthoni checks her mobile before planting

Improved weather forecasts can make farmers more resilient to climate change, the Adaptation Learning Programme implemented by CARE discovered.


The Adaptation Learning Programme was launched in 2010 by CARE International and implemented 2010-2015 in Ghana, Niger, Mozambique, and Kenya, in partnership with local civil society and government institutions. The aim was to identify successful approaches to Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) through working directly with vulnerable communities as well as learning with other organisations practicing CBA and supporting incorporation of these approaches into development policies and programmes in the four countries and their regions in Africa.
An extension of ALP 2015-2017 was agreed to scale up the good practices learned from ALP.

ALP was supported by several donors including Danida. Danish support to ALP 2010-2015 came through the Climate Envelope and amounted to DKK 15 million. In the period 2015-2017 Denmark supported ALP through Civil Society in Development (CISU) to the tune of DKK 5 million.

The herd boy turned bricklayer

Vocational training offers an alternative livelihood to pastoral life, which is threatened by climate change.


Northern Rangelands Trust (NRT) is a member-based umbrella organisation for community conservancies established in 2004 in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands of Northern Kenya (ASALs).

NRT supports communities to govern their wild spaces, identify and lead development projects, build sustainable economies linked to conservation, spearhead peace efforts to mend years of conflict, and shape government regulations to support it all.
In 2019, NRT had 39 members covering 42,000 km2 and 404,500 people from 18 ethnic groups.

Danish support to NRT: Denmark har supported NRT since 2012. Danish support to NRT from 2012 to 2020 amounts to DKK 64.8million and came through the Climate Envelope. 

Download the report, summary and management response

Summary in Danish (PDF)

Management response (PDF)

Publisher Evaluation, Learning and Quality Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs/Danida, Denmark
Author PEMconsult/Overseas Development Institute (ODI)
Published 11.02.2021
Pages 116
ISBN 978-87-93760-50-9